Badgers in Scotland
The Scottish Badgers national survey, 2006 - 2009 found the highest density of main setts occurred in areas where the dominant habitat was arable farmland, deciduous woodland or intensive grassland. Setts were also present in other habitats including coniferous woodland, urban, wet moorland with drier moraines, high-altitude rocky terrain and coastal areas. The regions containing the highest estimated densities of main setts were Borders and Lothians. Tayside, Central and Highland contained the lowest estimated densities. Geology reflects the type of setts to be found, with light soils allowing extensive digging in Eastern, Central and Lowlands, whilst rock cairns in Highland region may have no signs of excavation.